new carpet in media, paThe decision to purchase new carpet for your Media home may be an easy one, but shopping for new carpeting can be a confusing experience. Use this quick guide to common carpet terms from the experts at Floor Coverings International Brandywine Valley to help make the process a little easier.

Pile

Pile covers a variety of important carpet terms. Simply put, the pile is the visible part of the carpet that you will see and walk on.

Pile height refers to the length of the carpet fibers from the backing to the surface.

Cut pile and loop pile are carpet styles you can select from. The fiber on a cut pile carpet is sheared for a smooth, even surface, while the fibers on a loop pile carpet, such as Berber, are left uncut in their original looped state.

Fiber

The carpet pile fiber is the primary material the carpet is made from, and there are six common fiber types available ranging in quality and price. The synthetic options include nylon, olefin, acrylic or polyester. The common natural fibers are wool and cotton. The backing fiber is also available in a variety of materials and price points.

Tufts

Tufts are a group of fibers woven together through the primary backing of the carpet to create the carpet pile.

Backing

The backing is what the pile is attached to. The primary backing stabilizes the pile fibers, and the secondary backing provides protection and stabilization between the padding and the carpet. Backing is commonly available in synthetic, natural or recycled fibers.

Padding

The padding is installed between the carpet and the subfloor. The quality of the padding can have a big impact on the longevity and comfort of your carpet. There are many options to choose from, so save time and money to pick the best option for your home.

Resilience

The carpet’s resilience refers its ability to resist crushing or matting. Some carpet fibers are easily crushed, and this can make the carpet look worn out before its time. Selecting a resilient carpet means that the floor covering will look newer, longer.

Seconds

Carpet seconds refer to carpet that has some sort of defect and is therefore sold at a steep discount. This can be a good deal if the defect is minor, or if the carpet is going in a utilitarian space, but choose carefully. 

Manufacturing Processes

The two common processes are referred to as Stapled Fibers or Bulked Continuous Filament (BCF). Stapled fibers means that the tufts are attached to the carpet backing individually, while BCF carpets are made with one continuous fiber woven throughout the backing.

Photo by breadmaker